On 30 May 2022 the 6th High-Level Brainstorming Dialogue on Enhancing Complementarities between the ASEAN Community Vision 2025 and the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development reviewed the progress in implementation of the Complementarities Roadmap towards Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the realization of a sustainable and people-centric ASEAN Community. It noted that the resilience of countries and populations was a key priority of the Roadmap and highlighted the need to address the gaps in adaptive, anticipatory, absorptive, and transformative capacities. The deliberations further underscored the urgency to accelerate climate action, and particularly reverse the regressing trends on SDG 13.1 by strengthening resilience and adaptive capacity of the region to climate-related disasters.
Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic has shown that the intersection of natural and health hazards increases the complexity of risk and adaptation objectives. The Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2021 shows that even though a number of biological hazards such as vector-borne and heat related diseases are closely linked with floods or heatwaves, these intersections have yet to be systematically included in disaster or health management policies.
Furthermore, climate change is adding a new layer of complexity, increasing both the frequency of natural hazards and intensity of related biological hazards, creating a vicious circle of disaster, climate and health challenges. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Reports (2021/2022) states that every fraction of a degree in warming translates into additional risks of increasing precipitation, tropical cyclones, heatwaves, drought, desertification, and land degradation and their related diseases such as malaria, dengue, heat stress and mortality and malnutrition. While the overarching trends in climate change are global, the impacts of the 1.5 and 2°C warming scenarios vary across the Asia-Pacific subregions. Therefore, each sub-region requires its own risk profile or ‘riskscape’ with sub-regional specificities, both in terms of the risks and the key adaptation priorities. Towards this end, ESCAP has downscaled the Asia Pacific Disaster Report 2021 analysis to the subregional level and consequently, the findings of the Asia-Pacific Disaster Report for Southeast Asia 2022 will guide the policy discussions.
The policy dialogue will identify pathways to build systemic resilience to multi-hazard risks across ASEAN member states through south-south cooperation. The objectives are
(a) address the challenges and opportunities in developing multi-hazard frameworks for the specific set of hazard risks faced by the ASEAN subregion and in the specific context of implementing the health aspects of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 including through the Bangkok Principles, and
(b) recommend pathways and collaborative policy actions through ASEAN’s cooperation mechanism for multi-hazard early warning systems that support climate and health resilience
- Action-oriented decision support tools for impact-based forecasting that supports early warning and action for disaster-climate-health resilience.
2. Strengthened south-south cooperation in research, analysis and policy formulation through ASEAN cooperation mechanisms such as ACDM and the ASEAN Centre for Sustainable Development.